Friday, July 28, 2017

What is Gaslighting?

Gaslighting is a form of manipulation that seeks to sow seeds of doubt in a targeted individual or members of a group, hoping to make targets question their own memory, perception, and sanity. Using persistent denial, misdirection, contradiction, and lying, it attempts to destabilize the target and delegitimize the target's belief.

ガスライティング(英: gaslighting)は心理的虐待の一種であり、被害者にわざと誤った情報を提示し、被害者が自身の記憶、知覚、正気を疑うよう仕向ける手法。例としては、嫌がらせの事実を加害者側が否定してみせるという単純なものから、被害者を当惑させるために奇妙なハプニングを起こして見せるといったものまである。

Gaslighting may be experienced by victims of school bullying [ガスライティングを学校のイジメ被害者が受けることもある]– when combined with other psychological and physical methods, the result can lead to long-lasting psychological disorders and even progress into illnesses such as depression or avoidant personality disorder [その結果、鬱や対人恐怖症など精神疾患に至る可能性がある].

Sociopaths and narcissists frequently use gaslighting tactics. Sociopaths consistently transgress social mores, break laws, and exploit others, but typically also are convincing liars, sometimes charming ones, who consistently deny wrongdoing. Thus, some who have been victimized by sociopaths may doubt their own perceptions.


Gaslight (1944) Official Trailer

Instances may range from the denial by an abuser that previous abusive incidents ever occurred up to the staging of bizarre events by the abuser with the intention of disorienting the victim. The term owes its origin to a 1938 play Gas Light and its 1944 film adaptation. The term has been used in clinical and research literature, as well as in political commentary.


Retreived from Wikipedia on July 28, 2017.

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